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Indian flag

This is indeed India! The land of
dreams and romance, of fabulous
wealth and fabulous poverty, of
splendour and rags, of palaces and
hovels, of famine and pestilence, of
genii and giants and Aladdin lamps,
of tigers and elephants, the cobra and
the jungle, the country of hundred
nations and a hundred tongues, of a
thousand religions and two million
gods, cradle of the human race,
birthplace of human speech, mother
of history, grandmother of legend,
great-grandmother of traditions,
whose yesterday’s bear date with the
modering antiquities for the rest of
nations-the one sole country under
the sun that is endowed with an
imperishable interest for alien prince
and alien peasant, for lettered and
ignorant, wise and fool, rich and
poor, bond and free, the one land
that all men desire to see, and having
seen once, by even a glimpse, would
not give that glimpse for the shows of
all the rest of the world combined.
-Mark Twain

I t is impossible not to be astonished by
India. Nowhere on Earth does humanity
present itself in such a dizzying, creative
burst of cultures and religions, races and
tongues. Every aspect of the country
presents itself on a massive, exaggerated
scale, worthy in comparison only to the
superlative mountains that overshadow it.
Perhaps the only thing more difficult than
to be indifferent to India would be to
describe or understand India completely.

Location, Geography & Climate.

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Map of India

Set apart from the rest of Asia by
the supreme continental wall of
the Himalayas, the Indian
subcontinent touches three large
bodies of water and is
immediately recognizable on any
world map. It is the huge,
terrestrial beak between Africa
and Indonesia. This thick,
roughly triangular peninsula
defines the Bay of Bengal to the
east, the Arabian sea to the west,
and the India Ocean to the
south.

India’s puzzleboard of 26 states
holds virtually every kind of
landscape imaginable. An
abundance of mountain ranges
and national parks provide
ample opportunity for eco-
tourism and trekking, and its
sheer size promises something for
everyone. From its northernmost point on
the Chinese border, India extends a good
2000 miles (3200 km) to its southern tip,
where the island nation of Sri Lanka seems
to be squeezed out of India like a great
tear, the synapse forming the Gulf of
Mannar. India’s northern border is
dominated mostly by Nepal and the
Himalayas, the world’s highest mountain
chain. Following the sweeping mountains to
the northeast, its borders narrow to a small
channel that passes between Nepal, Tibet,
Bangladesh, and Bhutan, then spreads out
again to meet Burma in area called the
“eastern triangle.” Apart from the Arabian
sea, its western border is defined
exclusively by Pakistan.

India can be organized along the compass
points. North India, shaped like a throat
and two lungs, is the country’s largest
region. It begins with the panhandle of
Jammu and Kashmir, a dynamic area with
terrain varying from arid mountains in the
far north to the lake country and forests
near Sringar and Jammu. Falling south
along the Indus river valley, the North
becomes flatter and more hospitable,
widening into the fertile plains of Punjab to
the west and the Himalayan foothills of
Uttar Pradesh and the Ganges river valley
to the East. Cramped between these two
states is the capital city, Delhi. The
southwestern extremity of the North is the
large state of Rajastan, whose principal
features are the Thar Desert and the
stunning “pink city” of Jaipur. To the
southeast is southern Uttar Pradesh and
Agra, home of the famous Taj Mahal.

West India contains the states of Gujarat,
Maharashtra, Goa, and part of the massive,
central state of Madhya Pradesh. The west
coast extends from the Gujarat peninsula
down to Goa, and it is lined with some of
India’s best beaches. The land along the
coast is typically lush, with rainforests
reaching southward from Bombay all the
way to into Goa. A long mountain chain,
the Western Ghats, separates the verdant
coast from the Vindya mountains and the
dry Deccan plateau further inland.

Home of the sacred Ganges river and the
majority of Himalayan foothills, East India
begins with the states of Madhya Pradesh,
Bihar, Orissa, which comprise the
westernmost part of the region. East India
also contains an area known as the eastern
triangle, which is entirely distinct. This is
the last gulp of land that extends beyond
Bangladesh, culminating in the Naga Hills
along the Burmese border.

India reaches its peninsular tip with South
India, which begins with the Deccan in the
north and ends with Cape Comorin, where
Hindus believe that bathing in the waters
of the three oceans will wash away their
sins. The states in South India are
Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu,
and Kerala, a favorite leisure destination.
The southeast coast, mirroring the west,
also rests snugly beneath a mountain
range—the Eastern Ghats.
Because of India’s size, its climate depends
not only on the time of year, but also the
location. In general, temperatures tend to
be cooler in the north, especially between
September and March. The south is coolest
between November to January. In June,
winds and warm surface currents begin to
move northwards and westwards, heading
out of the Indian Ocean and into the
Arabian Gulf. This creates a phenomenon
known as the south-west monsoon, and it
brings heavy rains to the west coast.
Between October and December, a similar
climatic pattern called the north-east
monsoon appears in the Bay of Bengal,
bringing rains to the east coast. In addition
to the two monsoons, there are two other
seasons, spring and autumn.
Though the word “monsoon” often brings
to mind images of torrential floods and
landslides, the monsoon seasons are not
bad times to come to India.

Though it rains
nearly every day, the downpour tends to
come and go quickly, leaving behind a
clean, glistening landscape.

»Culture & People

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Indian Culture

India has two million gods, and
worships them all. In religion all
other countries are paupers; India is
the only millionaire.
-Mark Twain

When I read the Bhagavad-Gita and
reflect about how God created this
universe everything else seems so
superfluous.
-Albert Einstein

With nearly 1 billion citizens, India is the
second most populous nation in the world.
It is impossible to speak of any one Indian
culture, although there are deep cultural
continuities that tie its people together.
English is the major language of trade and
politics, but there are fourteen official
languages in all. There are twenty-four
languages that are spoken by a million
people or more, and countless other
dialects. India has seven major religions
and many minor ones, six main ethnic
groups, and countless holidays.
Religion is central to Indian culture, and its
practice can be seen in virtually every
aspect of life in the country. Hinduism is
the dominant faith of India, serving about
80 percent of the population. Ten percent
worship Islam, and 5 perscent are Sikhs
and Christians; the rest (a good 45 million)
are Buddhists, Jains, Bahai, and more.

»10 Amazing fact about India

1.) Vinod Dahm invented Pentium chip(90%
of the today’s computer run on it).
2.) Sabeer Bhatia created Hotmail (Hotmail
is world’s No.1 Web based email program).
3.) 38% of doctors in USA are Indians.
4.) 12% of scientists in USA are Indians.
5.) 36% of NASA scientists are Indians.
6.) 34% of Microsoft employees are
Indians.
7.) 28% of IBM employees are Indians.
8.) 17% of INTEL scientists are Indians.
9.) 13% of XEROX employees are Indians.
10.) The famous board game,called
chess,was invented in India.

Feel Proud to be an indian

We owe a lot to the Indians, who
taught us how to count, without
which no worthwhile scientific
discovery could have been made!
-Albert Einstein

Fun fact about India

Fact 1:
There is 17 major languages and 844
dialects spoken in India.

Fact 2:
India was one of the richest countries on
earth until the British invasion in the early
17th century.

Fact 3:
India invented the number system and
Aryabhatta was the scientist who invented
the digit zero.

Fact 4:
Chess was invented in India.

Fact 5:
India is the 6th largest country in the world,
the largest democracy and one of the oldest
civilization.

Fact 6:
India has the most number of mosques. It
has 300,000 mosques which is much more
than the Muslim world.

Fact 7:
India is one of the largest exporter of
computer software products.

Fact 8:
Before 1986, India was the only place in the
world where Diamonds could be found.

Fact 9:
The biggest and the largest employer in the
world is Indian railways employing over a
million people.

Fact 10:
India has the most number of post offices
in the world.

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I love India

Where the mind is without fear and
the head is held high;
Where knowledge is free;
Where the world has not been broken
up into fragments by domestic walls;
Where words come out from the
depth of truth;
Where tireless striving stretches its
arms towards perfection;
Where the clear stream of reason has
not lost its way into the dreary desert
sand of dead habit;
Where the mind is led forward by
thee into ever-widening thought and
action–
Into that heaven of freedom, my
father, let my country awake.
-Rabindranath Tagore
Gitanjali

»Incredible, Cultural, Spiritual &
Mystic India – Amazing Facts about
incredible India and Indians!

1. India is the world’s largest, oldest,
continuous civilization .

2. India never invaded any country in her
last 10000 years of history.

3. India is the world’s largest democracy .

4. Varanasi , also known as Benares, was
called “the ancient city” when Lord Buddha
visited it in 500 B.C.E, and is the oldest,
continuously inhabited city in the world
today.

5. India invented the Number System . Zero
was invented by Aryabhatta.

6. The World’s first university was established
in Takshashila in 700BC. More than 10,500
students from all over the world studied
more than 60 subjects. The University of
Nalanda built in the 4th century BC was
one of the greatest achievements of ancient
India in the field of education.

7. Sanskrit is the mother of all the European
languages. Sanskrit is the most suitable
language for computer software – a report
in Forbes magazine, July 1987.

8. Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine
known to humans. Charaka, the father of
medicine consolidated Ayurveda 2500 years
ago. Today Ayurveda is fast regaining its
rightful place in our civilization.

9. Although modern images of India often
show poverty and lack of development,
India was the richest country on earth
until the time of British invasion in the
early 17th Century. Christopher Columbus
was attracted by India’s wealth.

10. The art of Navigation was bornin the river
Sindhu 6000 years ago. The very word
Navigation is derived from the Sanskrit
word NAVGATIH. The word navy is also
derived from Sanskrit ‘Nou’.

11. Bhaskaracharya calculated the time taken
by the earth to orbit the sun hundreds of
years before the astronomer Smart. Time
taken by earth to orbit the sun: (5th
century) 365.258756484 days.

12. The value of pi was first calculated by
Budhayana, and he explained the concept
of what is known as the Pythagorean
Theorem. He discovered this in the 6th
century long before the European
mathematicians.

13. Algebra, trigonometry and calculus came
from India. Quadratic equations were by
Sridharacharya in the 11th century. The
largest numbers the Greeks and the
Romans used were 106 whereas Hindus
used numbers as big as 10**53(10 to the
power of 53) with specific names as early
as 5000 BCE during the Vedic period. Even
today, the largest used number is Tera
10**12(10 to the power of 12).

14. IEEE has proved what has been a century
old suspicion in the world scientific
community that the pioneer of wireless
communication was Prof. Jagdish Bose
and not Marconi.

15. The earliest reservoir and dam for irrigation
was built in Saurashtra .

16. According to Saka King Rudradaman I of
150 CE a beautiful lake called Sudarshana
was constructed on the hills of Raivataka
during Chandragupta Maurya’s time.

17. Chess (Shataranja or AshtaPada) was
invented in India.

18. Sushruta is the father of surgery. 2600
years ago he and health scientists of his
time conducted complicated surgeries like
cesareans, cataract, artificial limbs,
fractures, urinary stones and even plastic
surgery and brain surgery. Usage of
anesthesia was well known in ancient India.
Over 125 surgical equipment were used.
Deep knowledge of anatomy, physiology,
etiology, embryology, digestion,
metabolism, genetics and immunity is also
found in many texts.

19. When many cultures were only nomadic
forest dwellers over 5000 years ago, Indians
established Harappan culture in Sindhu
Valley (Indus Valley Civilization).

20. The four religions born in India, Hinduism,
Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism , are
followed by 25% of the world’s population.

21. The place value system, the decimal
system was developed in India in 100 BC.

22. India is one of the few countries in the
World, which gained independence
without violence .

23. India has the second largest pool of
Scientists and Engineers in the World.

24. India is the largest English speaking
nation in the world.

25. India is the only country other than US and
Japan, to have built a super computer
indigenously.

Salute to our Great Incredible India
Jai Hind.

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